Tag: Cannabis 101

How to Set Up Your Own Cannabis Dab Station

What Is a Cannabis Dab Station and How Do You Create One?

For cannabis concentrate fans who want to enjoy fast, intense highs within the comforts of their homes, a dab station is the perfect one-stop hash haven. Dab stations contain all of the essential dabbing tools required to enjoy your concentrate of choice. They can be as small as a bedside table or as large as an entire room outfitted with essentials. At their core, however, they are your own personal cannabis concentrate sanctuary, where you’ll be able to find anything and everything needed for that perfect dab.

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How to Scout the Perfect Location for Your Dab Station

If you want to set up a dab station for yourself, it’s important to take a few preliminary considerations in mind so you’ll pick a location that meets your individual needs. Here are a few tips to help.

1. Space

Choosing an appropriate space is one of the most important factors when setting up a cannabis concentrate dab station in your home. For example, are you planning on creating an intimate environment for just yourself, or would you like to create a space where you’re able to entertain guests? Furthermore, if you have pets or children, make sure to keep them in mind when finding your nook so you can restrict their access or keep breakables and consumables locked up/out of reach.

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2. Lighting and Outlets

Dabbing in the dark is neither fun nor safe for anybody, so make sure that you have a proper source of light, be it a window or lamp nearby. If a window isn’t an option, adjustable overhead desk lamps work very well for positioning light in the right places.

Additionally, while dab stations do not necessarily require an electrical outlet nearby, having one easily accessible will open the door to more product types and different setups.

Explore Cannabis Concentrates

3. Surface Area

When setting up a dab station, your tabletop real estate comes down to how scalable you want your setup to be. Realistically, having enough space for a small rig, concentrate container, dabber tool, and torch is all you need, so something as compact as a bedside table should suffice.

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Keep in mind, however, that more space creates more possibilities. A dab station can also double as a storage solution for rigs and accessories. When choosing a proper surface for your gear, plan accordingly by making sure you can secure your belongings with a surface designed to hold what you have with minimal risk, especially if you plan on housing more than one rig. Bumps and shakes happen, but being proactive is your best weapon to defend against spills and breakage.

4. Ventilation

Fortunately with dabbing concentrates, ventilation is less of a concern than smoking cannabis. Nonetheless, proper airflow is important when choosing your ideal dabbing spot. Windows, doorways, fans, and filters are all solutions to provide better airflow to and from your dab station.

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Essential Accessories for Your at-Home Dab Station

After scouting a perfect location, you’re now ready to load it with all of the essentials needed for an optimal dabbing experience. There are all sorts of fun accessories you can add to your dab station. Let’s go over a few ideas to get you started.

Parchment Paper

You never know when this stuff will come in handy, but having a roll of parchment paper on hand will save you a walk to the kitchen or a trip to the store when you’re in a pinch.

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Rigs

ile High Glass Pipes' Black & White Raked Recycler with 4mm quartz banger (Leafly)

Tabletop rigs are perfect for dab stations. Dab rigs tend to run on the smaller side, so consider stocking up on multiple rigs as backups or to create a neat display of all your products.

Example Rig: Mile High Glass Pipes’ Black & White Raked Recycler with 4mm quartz banger 

Browse Dab and Oil Rigs

Dab Rags and Cleaning Solution

Cloth rags are perfect for cleaning up messes as well as polishing your glass. Keep some form of cleaning solution, even simple rubbing alcohol, nearby for a quick cleanup.

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Nails and Bangers

(Leafly)

Every rig needs some standard nails and bangers, and it’s important to have options within arm’s reach of your dab station. Keep your titanium, quartz, and ceramic nails all in the same place so you’ll have what you need when the time is right.

Example Nail: MiniNail’s Deepdish Domeless Universal Nail made from grade-2 titanium

View Dab Nails and Attachments

Timer

If you’re using a torch/nail setup, having a timer is essential for getting that perfect temperature every time.

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E-Nails

(Leafly)

Serious dabbers should opt for an electronic nail in their dab station. These units come in all shapes and sizes and work perfectly in a secure, safe area near a power source.

Example E-Nail: The MiniNail with titanium nail and carb cap package

Torches and Butane

Standard nails use a torch as their primary heating mechanism, so you’ll want to have a can of butane nearby for refills.

Example Torch: Wacky Willy’s Butane Blowtorch Quartz Banger Jet Lighter

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Dabber Tools and Holders

Myster's Fogpen metal dabber(Leafly)

Tools are fun and inexpensive to collect. Be sure to outfit your station with a holder to display your dabber tools for easy and quick access.

Example Dabber Tool: Myster’s Fogpen metal dabber

Hash Screens

For those who use hash products, screens are essential for getting that perfect melt while protecting your nail.

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Dab Mats

Mile High Glass Pipes' 8"x8" silicone dab tray(Leafly)

Mats are a safe and sanitary solution for holding rigs and accessories. There are many options out there, most notably the silicone mats that provide slip-free and easy-to-wipe coverage.

Example Dab Mat: Mile High Glass Pipes’ 8″x8″ silicone dab tray

Rig Accessories

These can include dropdowns, reclaim catchers, rig holders, and anything else designed to optimize your rig setup.

More Dabbing Accessories

Concentrate Storage

Kush Bottles' 5-mL silicone concentrate container(Leafly)

Storage containers for concentrates are essential and allow you to keep your product fresh and secure. Mini fridges work great for long-term storage if you have the space available. Otherwise, glass and silicone containers work as a good short-term solution.

Example Storage: Kush Bottles’ 5-mL silicone concentrate container

Seating

Nobody wants to stand around after a dab. It’s always a good idea to have a nice place to sit.

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Rosin Press

(Leafly)

Having a rosin press nearby is a great way to give yourself fresh-squeezed hash oil in a pinch. Even a hair straightener is a fun and cheap option to have access to if you want to press your own rosin at home.

Example Rosin Press: RCCTools Heady ENail Designs’ CannaClamp handheld rosin press

All-in-One Dab Stations

There’s a lot of fun and creativity that goes into custom building your own personalized dab stations, however there are many pre-made options available for those who want to go that route. Here are a few favorites to consider if you’re in the market for a pre-made dab station.

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Kind Trays

The team behind Kind Trays has designed a line of trays and dab stations that are both stylish, and affordable. There are several options available, each one proving a unique solution to the dabbing experience.

ZeeFusion Custom Travel Stations

If you want a handcrafted, custom-built dab station that will absolutely blow your mind, check out ZeeFusion.com’s made-to-order custom cherry wood dab stations. They represent the pinnacle of quality and craftsmanship and will give your display a refined touch.

Ready to build your own dab station? Check out our catalog of dabbing products to begin creating your dream setup!

Find Cannabis Dabbing Products

(Main image by rgbspace/iStock)


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

5 Tools Every Cannabis Grower Should Have

Having the right tools for the job can improve the output of any hobby, especially growing cannabis. With the right basic equipment, any cannabis cultivator can secure a solid crop out of their growing season. However, there are a few key upgrades every home grower should have in their inventory. Whether you’re looking to improve your overall yields, proactively reduce the need to troubleshoot, or get better quality out of your buds, these five tools have the potential to greatly improve the ease and abundance of your home grow.

Thermometer/Humidity Gauge

Element HT Wireless Humidity and Temperature Data Logger

If you want one tool that has the potential to save your garden, this is your answer. Every grower needs a thermometer and humidity gauge in their garden to monitor levels. Cultivating cannabis successfully requires you to have a basic understanding of the temperature range your growing space reaches during both during light and dark hours. This same rule applies for humidity levels. Simple readers can be found on Amazon for less than $10 and will suffice for any basic garden.

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If you’re looking for a premium upgrade to your basic thermometer, check out this Element HT Wireless Humidity and Temperature Data Logger. It has full monitoring capability (temperature, humidity, and C02) that can not only transmit readings in real time to any internet-connected device, but can be programmed with temperature and humidity thresholds to alert you when atmospheric conditions change. Element HT products can also be chained together into larger systems to monitor multiple areas of the same garden or multiple rooms in a grow. It’s a powerful tool that any serious grower should consider adding to their system.

More Climate Control Products

pH Meter

Blue Lab Guardian Monitor

A pH meter may be the most underrated tool that every grower absolutely must own to ensure the success of their garden. Growers often mistakenly think that a pH meter is only important for those who choose to cultivate with hydroponics. In reality, anyone who cultivates, whether by soil or hydroponics, should have at least some type of pH reader on hand.

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At the most basic level, litmus strips are available for a very low cost. For just a few dollars more, you can get yourself a digital reader at retailers like Amazon. Both options will be able to effectively test acidity levels throughout your grow. Testing pH is important for both feeding as well as gauging grow medium acidity. Knowing your pH can literally save your garden.

For growers who wish to get more control out of their readers, there are pre-advanced options available such as this meter from Blue Lab. Aside from the ability to read pH levels, the Blue Lab Guardian Monitor also measures temperature and total conductivity, giving the accuracy needed when dialing in feeding regiments. With the ability to provide constant live readouts, this device eliminates the need to use strips or other readers, effectively ensuring peace of mind to the grower that all levels are consistently maintained.

Other Testers and Meters

Eye Protection

Nectar KUSH HPS grow sunglasses

Spending any amount of time in an indoor grow can be tough on the eyes. Whether you grow under LED or HPS lights, the spectrum can be damaging if you’re not properly protected.

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Luckily, there are now affordable options for indoor growers with these Nectar KUSH HPS and LED sunglasses. Both pairs are sufficiently wrapped and polarized for outdoor use as well. Nectar, the company behind these glasses, also donates a portion of the proceeds from every pair sold to help restore North American honey beehives.

Browse Grow Supplies

Plant Sex ID Kit

GreenScreen Plant Sex ID Kit

One of the most frustrating elements of growing cannabis on any scale is having to deal with male plants. Cannabis cultivators, especially those with plant count limits, lament over having to cull unnecessary males from their garden each time they start new non-feminized seed. Breeders must also be diligent in culling their males as early as possible to prevent cross-contamination.

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Fortunately, GreenSeed Labs has developed an early detection plant sex ID kit that can help mitigate this problem. These kits are capable of determining plant sex just two weeks after seed germination. Each kit provides the necessary tools to imprint 10 samples to be sent to a lab for identification. This is a great tool for more advanced growers to get an early jump on their male plants.

Cannabis Nutrient Products

Magnifying Glass

T-H-SEE Magnifier

When it comes to harvest time, growers must look to their plant’s trichomes in order to gauge the perfect time to cut down their crop. The answer to whether or not a plant is fully matured rests within the trichomes. Unfortunately, in most cases the naked eye is incapable of discerning between a fully matured and underdeveloped trichome gland head. In order to properly tell if a plant is mature enough, having a magnifier is key.

Cannabis Harvest Products

T-H-SEE has developed this magnifier specifically for cannabis cultivators. With a 40x magnification and three LED lights, it’s the optimal tool for trichome viewing. This viewer not only can detect gland maturity, it can also be used to identify contaminants, bud rot, pests, and impurities at a microscopic level. Having one of these on hand gives you the power to proactively prevent problems in your garden before they grow out of proportion.


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

Announcing the Release of Our First Book, ‘The Leafly Guide to Cannabis’

Leafly is thrilled to announce the launch of our first book, The Leafly Guide to Cannabis. Published by Twelve Books, this project has been in the works for nearly two years—and we’ve been accumulating and finessing the information contained within it for nearly five.

It covers many of the topics you’ve learned about on Leafly, along with tons of new and updated material designed with the modern consumer in mind. Looking for a holiday gift for family members or a definitive reference for yourself? Pre-order it using the following links, and read the book overview from the publisher below.

Where to Pre-Order and Purchase

Pre-orders are now open online from Amazon, Kindle, Barnes & Noble, and iBooks. The book will be officially released online and in bookstores across the US on December 5, 2017. Follow the links below to pre-order your copy:

From the publisher:

A savvy connoisseur’s guide from the editors of the world’s most popular cannabis platform.

Cannabis is at the very beginning of a craft and educational renaissance. It is emerging from the legislative shadows and a second awakening is occurring: people are proactively seeking information about how to properly consume and enjoy it. And cannabis is a wildly diverse product, even more so than alcohol. Consumers can experience not only different flavor profiles, but also different cerebral and body effects; they can consume using different methods, from vaporization to combustion to topical application; and they can pick and choose between an ever-growing number of different strains and products. THE LEAFLY GUIDE TO CANNABIS provides all the best tips to navigating this growing market in a definitive guide that will enhance every user’s enjoyment and high.

Announcing the Release of ‘The Leafly Guide to Cannabis’ | Leafly(Courtesy of Twelve Books)


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

6 Ways to Save Money by Making Your Cannabis Last Longer

Every time I get to the bottom of my cannabis jar, I find myself thinking, “Damn, I already smoked all of that?!” Don’t be like me—there are ways to make your cannabis purchases last longer between dispensary visits, and as long as you have some self-discipline to make minor adjustments to your consumption habits, your wallet will stay a little bit fatter.

Here are a few pointers on how to ration your green, both cash and cannabis, and still get high.

Buy in Bulk and Distribute It Evenly Across How Many Days You Want It to Last

I purchase halves (half an ounce, or 14 grams) because they come with the biggest price break. In a perfect world, I’d be able to make that last 14 days, but joke’s on me, I usually make it about eight. However, if I were smart about it, like you should be, I’d take that 14 grams, break up the nugs into 1-gram quantities, and store them in one of those S-M-T-W-T-F-S pill boxes that your great-great-grandma uses to keep track of what pills she should take and on which days.

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If you want to conserve your cannabis and make it stretch, that’s what you should do. Set the standard. Be my role model.

Skip the Wake ‘n Bake

We all love a good wake ‘n bake because you get that special kind of high that rides with you throughout the whole morning, and sometimes even the whole day, but there’s still no better time to smoke than at the end of a long day when all of your responsibilities have been taken care of.

Instead of using your cannabis for the wake up/bake up, stash it away for the late night roll-up and thank yourself later.

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Scoop Up a One-Hitter/Chillum

I have, and will always, be an advocate for the one-hitter. I don’t know the science behind it, but a couple hits sometimes get me just as high as a few tokes off a blunt. $10 for a couple one-hitters per month to make your cannabis stretch for a few extra weeks is a very worthwhile purchase.

Browse Chillum Products

The same goes for a chillum, which is just a one-hitter that lifts weights twice a day. A one-hitter will give you a couple hits then be cashed out, but a chillum bowl will push out four or five, maybe even more if you corner the bowl just right. Either, you’ll definitely be where you need to be.

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Glassware Is Your Friend

Glassware is one of your best friends when it comes to conserving cannabis. A bowl a day keeps the empty jars away, ya know? If you’re trying to save money, pick up a little pipe for $15. They’re a lot easier to clean and rejuvenate than one-hitters, and you’ll use less cannabis than you would in a joint or blunt.

Pick Up a Pipe

Speaking of which…

Smoke Fewer Joints/Blunts

The average joint/blunt will cost you about half a gram at the bare minimum. My roll-ups usually hit for at least .75 grams a pop. If I smoke 2-3 times a day, then that’s *does the math* way too much green wasted in a day. Like, yeah, I got stupid high enough to kiss Mars on the lips, but I could’ve done it in a more efficient manner.

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Don’t make my mistakes. If you’re trying to make your green stretch, maybe only smoke blunts/joints on the weekend. Or only once a night. It really all depends on how often you smoke, but if you’re an everyday smoker who’s trying to be more efficient with how much you’re buying, slow down on the joints and blunts.

Cut Off the Mooches

I know sharing is caring and the whole mission of the culture is to bring people together, but you can’t let everyone be Moochie Norris out there just because they’re your homies. There’s no one worse than that friend who always pops up with empty hands and empty pockets when it’s time to smoke. Cannabis gets pricey, and if you’re trying to make it last then using less in more strategic manners is key.

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You’ll never be using less if every time you plan on loading a personal bowl, it turns into you having to load multiple bowls or twisting up a bunch of blunts/joints because your friends keep scavenging your stash. You wouldn’t let someone just eat all of your food without ever contributing a dollar or at least a slice of pizza to the cause. Treat your bud with the same respect.


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

Basic Cannabis Growing Setups for Cultivators With Tight Budgets

Many home growers wonder, “Can I grow cannabis on a tight budget?” The simple answer is yes. Although there is a large industry built upon expensive grow equipment, cannabis can be produced with simple systems for less money than you might think. You can, of course, purchase additional tools and equipment to improve your garden, but many of these are not required.

Cannabis requires sunlight, nutrients, water, and air to grow. These four essentials are readily available for free or at relatively low costs. Climate control equipment, lights, and electricity make indoor growing vastly more expensive than growing outdoors, where cannabis can grow freely under the sun. However, because not everyone can grow cannabis outdoors for legal or climate reasons, we’ll share budget-friendly tips for both indoor and outdoor setups.

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Selecting Quality Cannabis Genetics

To a first-time grower or a tight-budget cultivator, cannabis seeds and clones may seem costly, but they’re expensive for good reason. Quality genetics take years to develop and stabilize. You won’t grow quality cannabis without quality seeds or starts. Do some research and find seeds that match your budget and also give you an end product you’re excited about.

A Low-Cost Indoor Cannabis Garden

To grow on a budget indoors, you must keep it simple. The space you grow in should be small; this means using a 400- or 600-watt light in a 3’x3’ to 4’x4’ space.

What You’ll Need:

  • Lights (bulbs and hood): $200-$400
  • Soil: $60
  • Carbon air filter and high-velocity fan: $100
  • Fan (oscillating): $40
  • 6-inch fan ducting: $20
  • Climate monitor: $20
  • Light timer: $20
  • Nutrients: $50-$100

Approximate Total Cost: $510-$780

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Your grow room should be thoroughly cleaned and properly sealed off. Mount a few simple oscillating fans directed at the plants as well as a high-velocity fan to pull air through the light hood and into your carbon air filter. Once your fans and your lights are set up, transplant your starts into pots filled with a quality soil blend. From this point, simply water your plants as needed, control the light cycle, and feed your plants intermittently and soon you’ll have healthy plants to harvest.

The most important thing to consider as an indoor budget cultivator is your availability to monitor the garden to make sure the plants are healthy. Check in on them multiple times a day to water, prune, and trellis as needed.

To get an idea of the specific costs associated with growing indoors, check out this article which outlines some price breakdowns.

A Low-Cost Outdoor Cannabis Garden

Outdoor farming is where the budget grower prevails. Pending you live in a climate where cannabis can be grown outdoors, you’ll be able to produce quality buds for next to nothing. If your climate is not ideal, there are still options available to aspiring outdoor budget growers.

What You’ll Need:

  • Soil: $100
  • Water: cost varies
  • Nutrients: $100
  • Garden stakes/trellising: $50

Approximate Total Cost: $250 or less

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Because your costs will be minimal, don’t skimp on quality soil. Do your research and talk to grow supply stores in your region to find a product that will help keep your plants growing strong. Alternatively, you can “build” low-cost soil by adding amendments, which can save you money while letting you customize a blend for your garden specifically.

You’ll also need to provide an adequate water supply to keep your plants happy. The cheapest way to water your plants is by hose, while a more expensive method involves installing a drip system.

Depending on your soil quality, you may need to introduce additional nutrients for a larger, healthier yield. As the buds gain weight, you may also need to invest in garden stakes and trellising to support the branches.

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Finally, if your climate isn’t ideal for cannabis, you can still successfully grow outdoors. Building a simple hoop house allows you to increase the temperature, reduce the climate impacts, control the length of the season, and still produce quality buds for a low cost. Hoop houses are the cheapest form of greenhouses, and they’re generally built with 2x4s, PVC, and plastic tarp, allowing you to customize the shape and size to fit your needs. Just be attentive to the temperature in your hoop house by “burping” (i.e. opening up the sides) it as needed and by installing high-velocity fans to keep fresh air moving through the enclosed space.

Growing cannabis can be a relaxing and simple process that doesn’t cost an arm and a leg. After cultivating on a budget, you’ll discover whether growing cannabis is simply a hobby or a skill worth investing in more advanced tools and systems.


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

5 Tips for Controlling Odor in Your Cannabis Garden

The pungent aroma of living cannabis is something to be celebrated by many growers, but unfortunately the smell can also draw undesired attention to a garden. Thankfully, odor control techniques have been developed for growers seeking personal security or to respect less enthusiastic neighbors. Here, we’ll explore some of the most popular and effective methods available.

1. Install Carbon Filters 

Carbon filters are the go-to for odor control in your standard grow room. Using activated carbon, they can capture a large number of impurities in the air including odors. Activated carbon covers an exceptionally high surface area due to its porous and cavernous structure.

Carbon filters come in all shapes and sizes, and there’s one important rating to consider with fans and filters. CFM (cubic feet per minute) refers to how much cubic feet of air will pass through the filter and fan per minute. Because the filter and fan work together, they need to be compatible. A good way to guarantee your filter is big enough is to make sure it has a higher CFM rating than your fan. This also ensures that your fan will not be strained by a filter with a lower CFM rating.

When selecting your carbon filter and fan, make sure you’re able to move all the air through the room every five minutes. For example, if you have a grow room that has a square footage of 500 square feet, then choose a fan and filter that can handle 100 CFM to achieve 500 square feet in five minutes, successfully replacing the air in your grow room.

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2. Use Negative Space Air Pressure

This technique generally goes hand-in-hand with the use of carbon filters and high-velocity fans. Negative space air pressure is achieved when the power of the outtake fan is strong enough to create negative pressure in your grow room. The negative pressure ensures that air is being pulled through any cracks in your grow room into the outtake fan instead of the air leaking outwards through the cracks.

This method will keep the odor from penetrating into other rooms in the home/building, but you’ll need to attach a carbon filter to the outtake fan to ensure that both the surrounding area and outtake air are odor-free.

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3. Consider Odor Neutralizers

Odor neutralizers are a simple way to control the odor of your garden. In their more complex form, these neutralizers consist of gels and oils that bind with cannabis’ aromatic terpenes and remove them from the air.

Because they seek out and bind to terpenes, these products are not for use within your grow room. Instead, they should be used to improve the smell of rooms that are being affected by the grow room that is nearby. If you use these products in your grow room, you will alter the taste and smell of your product permanently.

For small gardens, lower-end odor neutralizers consist of products that simply mask the smell of cannabis plants, such as candles or car fresheners. They aren’t ideal, but they’re an inexpensive and easy way to dampen the aroma outside a small garden.

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4. Air Filters Alone Don’t Control Odor Well

Air filters are set up to work like carbon filters, but they’re generally used to capture larger molecules like mold or dust. Cannabis terpenes produced from cannabis plants are quite small and often will slip through most air filters. High-end HEPA filters will capture more terpenes but are very costly in comparison to carbon filters. While air filters will help keep the air in your garden space cleaner, they are not recommended as your sole source of odor control.

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5. Check Your Equipment

It may sound obvious, but make sure your odor control system is running correctly if you feel your garden is too pungent. All the air filters and carbon filters in the world don’t make a difference if your ducting isn’t secured properly or the power to run your system is not being generated. Routinely check your ducting for holes or issues with your seals. Check the exhaust from your outtake fan and make sure no odor is coming out to ensure your carbon filter does not need to be replaced.

Do you have additional tips for maintaining a subtle garden? Leave a comment below with your advice or questions!


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

A Guide to Federal Drug Rescheduling (And What It Means for Cannabis)

Could the US ever legalize cannabis federally? The simple answer is yes, but the reality is far more complex. The reason laws and regulations around cannabis are so complicated leads back to the federal government – more specifically, the Controlled Substances Act, Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.

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A Little History About the Controlled Substances Act

The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was signed into law by President Richard Nixon on October 27, 1970. The act divides all known medicines, substances, or drugs into various categories based on their potential for abuse, medical applications and known benefits, and safety considerations. The Drug Enforcement Agency is tasked with enforcing the inventory management, records, and security of controlled substances, and individuals who order, handle, store, and distribute must be registered with the DEA.

The CSA has been amended many times over the years. For example, it’s been changed to abide by the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, to include anabolic steroids at Schedule III in 1990, and to help divert methamphetamine trafficking in 1993.

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Scheduling Controlled Substances

The tiers of drugs range from Schedule V – considered the least dangerous and therefore, requiring the least amount of regulations – all the way up to Schedule I, a tier that is considered the most dangerous, with the strictest regulations and “no medical benefit,” which includes LSD, heroin, and cannabis.

In order to be categorized as a Schedule I substance, the drug must meet three criteria:

  • The drug has a high potential for abuse
  • The drug has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States
  • There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug under medical supervision

Drugs may be rescheduled at a lower level or removed entirely from the list of Controlled Substances, but the process is rigorous and the criteria is incredibly restrictive.

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Petitions to Reschedule Cannabis

The first petition to reschedule cannabis from Schedule I to Schedule II was filed in 1972 by the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML), but the petition was not given a hearing for fourteen years. In 1986, the petition was finally considered by the DEA, but the debate continued for years.

It was during this trial that DEA Administrative Law Judge Francis L. Young concluded that marijuana is “one of the safest therapeutically active substances. By any measure of rational analysis marijuana can be safely used within a supervised routine of medical care… The overwhelming preponderance of the evidence in this record establishes that marijuana has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States for nausea and vomiting resulting from chemotherapy treatments in some cancer patients.  To conclude otherwise, on this record, would be unreasonable, arbitrary and capricious.”

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Despite Young’s conclusion, the DEA Administrator at the time, John Lawn ultimately rejected the petition 22 years after it was first filed.

In 1995, High Times and former NORML Director Jon Gettman filed another rescheduling petition, using studies of the endocannabinoid system conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health between 1988 and 1994. The DEA officially denied the petition on April 18, 2001, a decision upheld by the US Court of Appeals in May of 2002.

Another petition was filed by Americans for Safe Access and the Coalition for Rescheduling Cannabis in 2002, but was ultimately denied in 2011. Americans for Safe Access filed an appeal in January 2012, which led to a hearing in October, before another rejection on January 22, 2013.

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Who Holds the Power?

There are only a few select entities with the power to make such a big change at a federal level. Cannabis may be rescheduled through Congressional legislation; an example of this is the CARERS Act, repeatedly proposed by Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ), to no avail.

  • Cannabis may also be rescheduled at the executive level by the President of the United States.
  • The Controlled Substances Act also provides a process for which the US Attorney General may reschedule cannabis legislatively.
  • The Drug Enforcement Administration evaluates all petitions to reschedule cannabis.
  • The Department of Health and Human Services, however, also carry as great deal of power in the rescheduling decision process.

The DEA must first accept the petition, which is no small feat, as illustrated by past attempts to reschedule cannabis. The Health and Human Services Secretary must then submit a “scientific and medical evaluation, and his recommendations, as to whether such drug or other substance should be so controlled or removed as a controlled substance.” The HHS Secretary has the power to reschedule cannabis in their own right, if they so choose.

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In order to classify a drug or consider whether a substance should be rescheduled or decontrolled, the determining factors are as follows:

  • Its actual or relative potential for abuse.
  • Scientific evidence of its pharmacological effect, if known.
  • The state of current scientific knowledge regarding the drug or other substance.
  • Its history and current pattern of abuse.
  • The scope, duration, and significance of abuse.
  • What, if any, risk there is to the public health.
  • Its psychic or physiological dependence liability.
  • Whether the substance is an immediate precursor of a substance already controlled.

The President, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Health and Human Services, and Congress all have the power to reschedule cannabis.

With each new Congressional bill proposed, with each new politician that recognizes the therapeutic value of cannabis, with each new state that embraces medical cannabis, with each new voice speaking out in favor of cannabis, the US grows ever closer to legalization.


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

The Home Grower’s Guide to Simple Cannabis Breeding

This article is sponsored by General Hydroponics, the leading innovator in the field of hydroponics for more than 35 years.


Cannabis propagation is a lengthy and complicated process that can take years to understand and decades to master. However, it doesn’t have to be, at least not for the home grower looking to get into breeding on a small scale. For some, breeding can be as simple as fortifying a small seed stock for next year’s crop, or even taking your favorite strain and keeping its pollen to cross with other desirable female genotypes or phenotypes in the future.

In this guide, we’ll review the basics of small-scale cannabis breeding techniques and illustrate the benefits these techniques may provide to those who want to create their very own unique cannabis seeds and strains.

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Why Breed Cannabis at Home?

What’s the big deal about breeding cannabis at home, anyway? For starters, breeding cannabis affords a home grower access to new hybrid genetics while also acting as a conservation mechanism to preserve (and even strengthen) desired genetics for future use. If you have distinct strains and want to create hybrids, breeding on this scale is both easy and effective.

On the other hand, those who wish to carry seed stock through to the next season will find breeding to be a sustainable alternative to keep those genetics around. Not every grower can afford to go back to the nursery or seed company and purchase new genetics between every season. After all, in most states the cost of a single clone can exceed $20, while a dozen cannabis seeds could easily cost $100 or more. For many micro-budget home growers, breeding is the only way to keep genetics around.

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What Are the Limitations of Breeding for Home Growers?

Breeding cannabis at home does not come without its own setbacks and limitations. Medical and recreational growers in legal states must first comply with all their local ordinances pertaining to home cultivation. These include everything from plant counts to canopy limits and more. Breeding on this scale becomes a matter of adapting to these spatial and quantifiable limitations.

For instance, a popular breeding practice involves propagating genotypes in large batches (sometimes hundreds of plants in number) to see the widest margin of genetic variation possible. This allows growers to select only the most desirable phenotypes to cultivate further. However, when you have a maximum household plant count of 12, this isn’t possible. Home breeders must work around these issues if they wish to both breed and propagate sinsemilla cannabis (without seed) as well.

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A Simple Propagation Technique for Small-Batch Breeding

If, despite the potential roadblocks, you’re looking to tackle some small-batch breeding at home, here’s a simple propagation technique you can follow.

What You’ll Need:

  • One mature male cannabis plant, between 2-3 weeks into bloom phase (or collected male pollen)
  • One mature female cannabis plant, between 2-3 weeks into bloom phase
  • Isolated propagation chamber (e.g. a sealed grow tent or equivalent)
  • Gloves
  • Small paint brush
  • Plastic baggies and ties

Procedure:

1. Sanitize

First, you must work within a clean and sanitized environment. Begin by cleaning your isolation chamber in preparation of receiving the female plant. A clean space will both help to prevent cross-contamination and provide a safe and sanitary place for the plant to fully mature. Diluting a small concentration of bleach or isopropyl alcohol with water should do the trick. Don’t forget to sanitize any pollination tools, like your paint brush, as well.

Make sure that your isolation chamber does not contain any female plants that you do not wish to breed with. This will ensure the prevention of unwanted cross-pollination. However, if more than one female cannabis plant must mature within the same space, implementing the following selective pollination technique (which involves using plastic baggies and some ties to protect the pollinated colas) should still adequately protect your room.

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2. Collect Pollen

Male cannabis plants will begin to show their pollen sacs within the first week or two into their bloom phase. Shortly after, these sacs will open and pollen will become abundantly available. Once a desirable male plant has been identified, remove it from any female plants and isolate it immediately. The goal is to collect the staminate pollen without accidentally open-pollinating any other female plant.

Keep the desired male plant in isolation throughout the pollen collection process, then terminate the male to be safe. By using a small paintbrush, you can carefully collect pollen into a plastic bag or glass jar.

Keep in mind that pollen is “alive” and that humidity can dramatically affect the viability of the pollen. For storage, keep male pollen sealed in an airtight container and store in a cold, dark space such as a freezer for long-term holding. If you plan to access your pollen more than a few times per year, it’s generally better to keep it in a refrigerator because the temperature swing from storage to room temperature is much lower. Properly stored pollen may last for over a year under ideal conditions.

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3. Selectively Propagate

A female cannabis plant in bloom is mature enough to receive pollen once flowers begin to form hair-like stigma. Without complicating this process too much, the object of selective pollination is to place male pollen onto specific branches or colas from which the breeder wishes to produce seeds. Each cola can produce hundreds of seeds if pollinated properly.

Choosing which/how many branches to pollinate will come down to grower/breeder preference. A single cannabis bud that has been pollinated can easily yield 20-30 mature seeds.

To complete this process:

  1. Make sure there is negative pressure in the isolation chamber before continuing.
  2. Prepare by collecting the baggie containing your male pollen, a paintbrush, and gloves.
  3. Gently collect a small amount of pollen from the collection baggie with your brush (a little goes a very, very long way).
  4. Run the brush gently across desired female flowers, making sure to only run the bristles across the tops of each stigma.
  5. Once a cola has been pollinated, you may seal the cola by covering it with a clean plastic baggie and tying it off to form an airtight seal (this will prevent cross-contamination). Note: this step is not necessary if (a) you intend to pollinate the entire plant in isolation, or (b) you do not have any issues with potentially finding a few seeds throughout the rest of your pollinated plant. (Pollen spreads easily, making this is a possibility.)
  6. To prevent any further contamination, keep your isolation chamber sealed throughout the maturation process.

This application process should repeat 1-3 times over the course of a week or two. After the fourth week of bloom, you may suspend your process. Should you need to reintroduce your pollenated female back into a room with other maturing female plants, you can rinse the plant down with clean water immediately following pollination to remove any excess pollen. This isn’t one hundred percent fail-proof, but when done carefully and correctly it can encourage the plant to breathe a little better.

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4. Harvest and Collect Seeds

Your seeds should be fully mature once the plant has completed senescence. For ripe plants containing seed stock, it’s best to let the life cycle exacerbate fully before harvesting to give seeds their maximum time to mature.

After you harvest and dry your plants, it’s then time to collect seeds. Fully mature seeds are darker and often contain striped patterns covering their encasing. If executed correctly, you should yield a healthy quantity of seeds no matter how may colas you choose to pollinate. Congratulations, you’re now a certified home breeder!


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

How to Support Your Cannabis Garden with Trellising

Trellising your cannabis garden is a crucial step on the path to a successful harvest. This practice not only helps support your buds as they grow, but it also helps light penetrate the canopy and increase airflow to improve yield while also preventing bud rot and pest issues. Utilizing trellises can help organize your garden, making your plants easier to work with while improving their appearance and health.

Benefits of Trellising Cannabis

The natural growth pattern of cannabis can be quite chaotic. As a fast-growing plant that chases light, you may find yourself overwhelmed by branches that vary in height, density, and structure.

Trellising – alongside topping and pruning – helps to bring order to the chaos. Topping plants lets them branch out and develop a level canopy, and pruning thins out the foliage and removes unnecessary growth. Trellising helps direct the growth of the canopy, improves the spacing between buds, and keeps the plants supported as the buds start to develop.

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How to Trellis Outdoor Cannabis Plants

Outdoor cannabis plants can become massive. Raised in their natural habitat, they grow close together with one main stalk shooting straight up. The density and growth pattern keep the plants from bending over and snapping. When cannabis is grown with the intention of producing large yields, we manipulate the natural pattern of the plant by spacing and topping the plants to promote bushy growth. This, in combination with improved genetics, results in top-heavy plants that are unable to support themselves.

Trellising always works best if you are one step ahead of the plant so that the branches can grow through the trellis as needed, helping with spacing and organization.

Step 1: Use is a metal cage that will surround the plant once it’s transplanted into its final home for the season. The metal cage should be sturdy and secured into the soil with large bamboo stakes. This cage provides support for the large branches that grow off the main stalk after topping the plant.

Step 2: You can use bamboo stakes to further support the branches as they grow out of the cage. Use plant tie tape which stretches as the branches grow.

Step 3: Consider building a frame around the pot that will support the branches as they grow out past the pot’s diameter. Frames can be constructed into a square around the pot using lumber or T-posts. Once the frame is in place, you can then use trellising to surround the sides and top of the frame.

As branches grow through the trellising, use this opportunity to dictate where branches are headed to prevent crowding in your garden. Try to direct branches upwards at an angle to help the buds receive more sunlight and grow at an angle that is most supportive.

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How to Trellis Indoor Cannabis Plants

Indoors, the lights remain above the plants which results in underdeveloped sides, so when trellising your indoor garden, focus on the top canopy.

A common strategy for trellising indoors begins by organizing your garden space into rows. These rows allow the gardener to access every portion of a plant during the growing process with ease. Oftentimes rows are organized on grow tables that allow for excess water to be drained easily while also bringing the plants up to a more enjoyable working height.

As for trellising, these tables also provide the support needed to frame the rows. Once framed, trellising indoors is an easy task that simply requires you to roll, stretch, and attach the trellising onto the grow table. Then by using the grid pattern, growers can direct and support the buds as they develop through the trellis.


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

Everything You Need to Know About Pre-Filled Oil Vape Cartridges

When it comes to ease of use, portability, and functionality, one cannabis product stands tall above the rest. You may know them as pre-loaded cannabis oil vape cartridges, hash oil vape pens, or even disposable wax pens. These relatively new and exciting devices have permeated the cannabis concentrate market over the last several years, quickly becoming the go-to concentrate-based product for both the novice and accustomed cannabis fans.

Browse Cannabis Cartridges

However, when it comes to choosing the right pre-loaded disposable pen, various factors stand in the way of making a decision. Although many of these products seem aesthetically similar at first glance, there are a myriad of nuances that distinguish them from one another.

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Understanding the differences between these disposable pens can help you make an educated decision on which product is right for your consumption.

Why Choose a Pre-Filled Oil Vape Cartridge?

If you’re new to pre-filled oil vape cartridges, there are many benefits to using them that I’ve outlined below.

Ease of Use

Deciding to use a pre-filled cannabis oil vape cartridge takes the guesswork completely out of the equation. Contrary to other methods of using hash oil such as a dab rig and nail setup, or even manual portable vape pens which require self-loading, pre-filled “carts” require little to no effort whatsoever. At most, these products may require you to press a button to inhale. In fact, most of the time you don’t even have to worry about the battery life—many products are designed so that charging the battery isn’t even necessary.

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Portability

Pre-filled oil vape carts are the easiest method of enjoying hash oil while on the go. Their sleek and minimalist design allows for discreet vaping, free of the distracting qualities that larger setups or raw cannabis products may carry (such as noticeable smoke or odor).

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Dosing

For uninitiated cannabis concentrate users, dosing can be a major concern. Nobody wants an overwhelming experience when attempting to enjoy cannabis oil products responsibly. Unlike dabbing, using a pre-loaded vape pen allows for a highly controlled dose with each inhalation. This gives the user full autonomy of how much or little to consume.

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The Types of Pre-Filled Cartridges Available

Familiarize yourself with the many types of pre-filled oil vape cartridges on the market so you can purchase the one that best fits your needs or preferences.

Find a Portable Vaporizer

Cartridge/Battery Combos vs. Disposables

When choosing a pre-filled vape pen, there are several hardware options. Some products are offered in tanks that typically come formatted with a 510 threaded standard vaporizer battery insert. These tanks can fit on any battery that contains the 510 threading, and nowadays almost all battery tanks come in this format. The exception to this is when you purchase pre-loaded tanks designed by companies to fit their personalized batteries. An example would be the PAX Era Pods, which are designed to be used with their vaporizer/battery systems.

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Alternatively, many pre-loaded vape pens are available as “disposables,” containing a pre-charged battery designed to support the device until the tank empties. These pen varieties require no charging and are meant to be disposed after use. They contain no threading and are not meant to be separated from their battery.

Distillate Cartridges vs. CO2

Hash oil tends to be a highly viscous substance, making it substantially difficult to use with standard vaporizer hardware. This has led the pre-loaded vaporizer market in a series of directions to design a product that functions properly with standard atomizers.

Methods have been taken to “cut” or infuse standard hash oil with various substances such as polyethylene glycol (PEG), propylene glycol (PG), vegetable glycerin (VG), or even medium chain triglycerides (MCT) such as coconut oil in order to maintain a less viscous and lasting consistency conducive to standard atomizer functionality.

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While the use of such agents has been subject to controversy, market innovators have found several ways to mitigate this concern by developing alternative extraction techniques. An example of this is the use of distillates in pre-loaded vape pens.

Distillation takes the standard CO2 extraction process used in most disposable pen varieties and refines the oil once more through a fractioning process to produce a substance with a much higher cannabinoid purity. Distillate, being less viscous, is much easier to use in pre-loaded vape pens and does not require cutting agents.

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Terpene Infusions and Strain-Specific Flavorings

Alternatively, the use of terpenes has been found to help cut the viscosity of hash oil as well, making this another, potentially safer, alternative to traditional cutting agents. Terpenes not only add flavor and aromatics to the experience, they can alter the effects due to their ability to influence how cannabinoids interact with our system.

Explore Terpene Concentrates

There are several ways to use terpenes with pre-filled vaporizer cartridges. Food-grade terpene flavorings, for example, are arguably the most prevalent as well as the lowest quality when it comes to flavor and experience. Terpenes are found all over nature, and can also be synthesized in a lab.

Take d-limonene for example, a popular terpene additive that is found in some cannabis varietals. Many manufacturers use food-grade d-limonene as the sole flavoring additive for their pre-loaded cartridges. Although this helps to cut the viscosity of the oil as well as offer a mild flavor enhancement, infusions such as this tend to be one-dimensional and offer little to nothing in enhancing experience to the user.

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When shopping for cartridges, oftentimes these types of pens will be labeled as “lemon/lime”-flavored to represent this additive being used. Many other food-grade terpenes are used in this respect, which is why it’s important to check with your budtender and read labels carefully when buying terpene-infused cartridges.

Products Labeled by Effect

Many times, pre-filled oil vape cartridges are labeled and marketed by their supposed effect on the user. Products of this variety tend to claim they provide “relaxing” or “energetic” effects, with some often being labeled as indica, sativa, or even hybrid. When infused into a product, these terpene combinations are designed to give effects similar to what you would find in particular cannabis strains.

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Whether they’re infused with food-grade terpenes or naturally-derived terpenes extracted from cannabis strains, many of these products incorporate carefully mixed combinations similar to what would be traced in a strain or strain type. How well these infusions imitate the strain varieties they mimic is debatable; however, products with terpene combinations tend to give a more enhanced experience than a similar product containing one or no terpenes.

Cannabinoid-Specific Cartridges

Although many hash oil pen varieties are labeled by flavor or effect, some focus on cannabinoid concentration. Aside from the typical high-THC product that most pens offer, there are some manufacturers that offer products containing elevated levels of cannabidiol (CBD).

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High-CBD pens may or may not contain added flavorings, but they do guarantee a ratio of THC to CBD that can range from 2:1 all the way to 20:1 and greater. These types of pens offer great medicinal value to those looking for CBD in an easy-to-consume product.

Full-Spectrum Cartridges

The pinnacle of pre-loaded oil cartridges in terms of overall quality rests with full-spectrum extracts. These products are created using the entire spectrum of bioavailable molecules found within a given cannabis strain. A full-spectrum oil does not add, reintroduce, or remove any active compound within a strain and offers a flavor and effect far superior and multidimensional to most competitors.

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Pre-filled full-spectrum cartridges are hard to come by and are only offered in certain markets; their price tends to reflect their rarity as well. If you’re fortunate enough to live in a market where these products are available, it’s highly recommended to fork up the extra cash to give one a shot. In terms of strain comparability, the flavor on a full-spectrum cart is incredibly similar to what you would experience in a strain.

Browse Cannabis Vape Pens

All in all, there are many types of pre-filled oil cartridge varieties to consider, each one with its pros and cons. If you’re interested in learning more about these types of products, alway ask your local budtender before committing to a purchase. Oftentimes labels only offer a fraction of the information compared to the knowledge and expertise of a cannabis professional such as a budtender. Regardless of your taste, there’s bound to be a hash oil cartridge option available to suit your individual needs.


Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.