Tag: Cannabis 101

Inside the Groundbreaking Farm That Boasts Three Pounds of Cannabis per Grow Light

The Birth of ‘Light’

A Colorado Native, Haupt’s early days were rough. After seeking relief from the debilitating grasp of epilepsy, he soon found that cannabis could deliver near total suppression of his symptoms. Haupt began cultivating in his mid-teens and took his newfound passion to Breckenridge, CO, where he began to formulate the early trappings of what would later become his magnum opus, the Three a Light recipe for success. During this time, he spent his days assisting friends and locals in setting up their own cultivation facilities, all while beginning to formulate a master recipe based on his successes.


Cannabis and Epilepsy Treatment

According to Haupt, who was interviewed by Gangepreneur earlier this year, the process of completing the Three a Light book was much more tedious than previously expected. What was once thought to be a six-month project took nearly three years to complete due to the intricacy of the photography demands and the need to produce a finished product unlike anything anyone had ever experienced in the realm of cannabis literature.

Designed specifically to be digestive, ‘Three a Light’ comes across more like a baking recipe book than theoretical analysis.

The culmination of Haupt and his team’s efforts came to fruition in late 2015 with the release of his 215-page behemoth masterpiece, a gargantuan text brilliantly outlined with breathtaking captures and a seamless, streamlined, and easy-to-digest approach to his famed nine-step cultivation method. In its massive hard black casing, the book reads more like a coffee table Nat Geo exposé than a typical cannabis cultivation reference text, weighing almost three pounds (not including the case). Chris Freiboth, lead photographer and designer, can be credited for the book’s sleek and minimalist photography-forward style. Every page offers a dynamic visual experience unlike any other book of its kind.


Build Your Own Cannabis Library With These Must-Read Books About Marijuana

Many of the existing cannabis cultivation manuals in print today are designed to be comprehensive and are often too dense for novice growers and those with little to no experience in botany and horticulture. Here Three a Light breaks the mold; designed specifically to be digestive, the tome comes across more like a baking recipe book than theoretical analysis. With 11 steps hinging on nine core principles (Temperature, Humidity, CO2, Room Dynamic, Equipment, Genetics, Food & Water, Manicure/Pruning, and Love), the goal is to introduce readers to a singular cultivation method. Oftentimes, new growers pull from many sources to develop their cultivation style. This book saves novice growers the effort and offers an all-in-one approach.

The Flo cannabis strain in its final week of flowering. (Patrick Bennett for Leafly)

A ‘No A-Hole’ Policy

When someone claims that they’re so efficient in their growing to be able to produce three pounds of cannabis per grow light, you really do have to see it to believe it. I know I did. That’s why I had to get out to the Denver Superfarm myself to see what all of the hype was about.

It takes the perfect fusion of culture, philosophy, and practice to pull off what Three a Light produces on a daily basis.

Upon entering the facility, I was met by Nick Costello, long-time friend of Haupt, project manager for Three a Light, and master cultivator at the Superfarm. A driving force at Three a Light, Costello’s energy and charisma are equal parts astounding and palpable.

“We have a no A-hole policy,” Costello proclaims as he winds me though hallways of grow room after room. This self-vetting system applies to all areas in each of their facilities. It lives and breathes in their culture and can be felt in every area of their operation.


The Rise of Craft Cannabis: Signs of a Maturing Industry

I spent several days touring the Three a Light Superfarms and was surprised to find that every face I interacted with was equally friendly and welcoming, something I can’t say for any other farm I’ve toured in my career. It was after meeting Mike Walsh and Sean McMechen, both master cultivators and general managers at two of the Denver-based Three a Light Superfarms, when I realized the true success this company has been able to cultivate.

What makes this operation so successful (and yes, they are producing three pounds per light, sometimes even four pounds) is much less about formula and more about building culture. Three a Light may be a winning recipe, but without execution on this scale, achieving this kind of efficiency is virtually impossible. It takes the perfect fusion of culture, philosophy, and practice to pull off what Three a Light produces on a daily basis.

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

How to Trim Your Cannabis Plants for Beautiful Buds

Trevor Hennings and Patrick Bennett contributed to this article.

After months of attention and effort in your cannabis garden, it’s finally time to finish what you started. Many people dread the process of trimming cannabis buds (also known as “manicuring” your cannabis), but luckily there are ways to make it more enjoyable and efficient. Knowing the basics before picking up a pair of shears will help ensure you’ll end up with the perfectly manicured buds that you’re looking for when going in for that first smoke.

Why Trim Your Cannabis Buds?

Why You Should Trim Your Cannabis Buds(Julia Sumpter/Leafly)

Trimming cannabis serves several main purposes. Aesthetically speaking, cannabis looks better when well manicured. Cannabis that has been trimmed takes on a tighter, more uniform appearance, much like you would find on a menu at your local dispensary or in the photographs that line your favorite cannabis publications. Excess foliage is an eyesore and evening the buds often results in a final product that is far more visually pleasing.

Additionally, sugar leaves tend to contain a lesser concentration of trichomes. Removing these protruding leaves will expose parts of the nugs much richer in trichome concentration. Larger leaves protruding from the buds also tend to provide a harsher smoke, as the foliage is thicker and harder to wick away moisture. During the curing process, trimmed buds tend to leave a more uniform moisture content, proving a much more even and flavorful smoking experience.


What Are Trichomes and Why Do They Exist on Cannabis?

When Should You Trim Your Cannabis Buds? 

Believe it or not, trimming should begin several days before harvest, when the larger fan leaves are removed. Growers often trim away such fan leaves in the weeks leading up to a harvest as this is when senescence begins, a phase in the plant cycle when larger fan leaves begin to wither away with age. It’s safe to begin removing the dying foliage in the days before harvest, or you can go one step further and remove all of the fan leaves during this time frame. 

Trimming Techniques

Cannabis plant ready for bud trimming(Julia Sumpter/Leafly)

Trimming your harvest is inevitable, but there are a few different methods you can adopt to get the job done.

Hand-Trimmed vs. Machine-Trimmed Cannabis

If you have a large-scale grow, you may have considered investing in trimming machines. Not only are they expensive, machine trimmers have a laundry list of issues with maintenance; as a result, they have not replaced hand trimming in most markets. Shape and density of the flowers are unique to the strain and vary from bud to bud. Machines standardize this varying structure, resulting in damaged trichomes and shaved buds.

Paying people to trim cannabis might be expensive, but it’s worth it if you care about transforming your plants into a quality end product. (Of course, if you have a small grow, you should be able to handle the trimming on your own.)


Why Are Hand-Trimmed Cannabis Buds Better Than Buds Trimmed by a Machine?

Wet vs. Dry Trimming

There are two windows of time when manicuring can take place. The first is on harvest day, when the plant is still alive and on the vine. This method is most commonly referred to as “wet trimming,” and it is arguably the most widely preferred method for several reasons.

First, trimming wet affords you “open access” to your buds, so to speak. Sugar leaves will extend outward as a result of their excess moisture content, making their removal a much easier process. Many argue that trimming wet will result in a tighter and more aesthetically pleasing final product, though this is debatable. Wet trimming will almost always result in a faster drying process as well, because the extra foliage will keep moisture within the buds for longer.


Your Guide to Drying and Curing Cannabis Buds

Dry trimming, on the other hand, occurs after the plants have had time to wick some of their moisture. If left in a light, humidity and temperature controlled environment for 4-10 days (up to two weeks in some cases), un-manicured buds will lose their moisture more slowly. This can benefit growers who live in much drier climates, as it affords more time for the buds. Often in dry climates, buds will dry at a more rapid pace, resulting in an unevenly wicked bud where the outside is bone dry, leaving the inside unaired and dank.

Many prefer dry trimming as well because the process tends to be less sticky and easier on your shears. Wet trimming can turn a perfectly clean pair of scissors into a finger-coated hash haven in rapid time, often resulting in multiple cleaning breaks before trimming can recommence. At the end of the day, either method works well, and your individual situation should determine which route you take.


What Is Kief and How Can You Use It?

Recommended Tools for Trimming

Before you sit down to trim your buds, you’ll need to acquire the right supplies.

1. Cannabis Trimming Scissors

Sharp, sterilized pruning shears are a trimmer’s best friend. Make sure that your scissors are ergonomic and will fit comfortably with your grip, as you will be holding these bad boys for quite a while. Furthermore, with time, these scissors will only get stickier, so purchase a pair that will clean easy, or buy two pairs so you can switch them out once they become covered in sticky resin. You may want to invest in both a small pair of scissors and a larger pair of shears. The larger pair will help for branch cutting and the smaller scissors work well with the more precise trimming.


5 High-Yielding Strains for Your Cannabis Garden

There are many types of scissors you can buy. The biggest difference is between spring loaded and standard. Many people initially go towards spring loaded because they feel quicker and more intuitive. However, our growing experts recommend purchasing Chikamasa scissors. These are not spring loaded and might take a day or two to get used to, but you will soon notice the precision and speed they provide.

Browse Cannabis Grow Supplies

2. A Comfortable Chair/Space

You will want to find the most ergonomically conducive space to lay out your trimming gear when settling in for a long trim. Pick a cool place with plenty of light. Try to stay away from places with excess dust, hair, or particulates, as you will risk contaminating your workspace. 

Remember, this is your domain. The longer you sit, the more work you get done, so find a comfy chair like a standard zero gravity chair. They offer incredible support and the ability to recline to a position that fits you best. Another great option is a firm standard folding chair. Avoid any camping chairs, couches, or anything that results in you hunching over and compressing your lower back as you trim.

3. Tray and a Clean Surface

Many growers opt for trimming trays because they are much easier to transport and can make a great lap companion. There are a number of companies selling trimming trays, but we suggest something that has a screen for collecting for kief. The simpler the design the better, and if you’re on a budget, sprouting trays work just fine.


What Is ‘Larf’ Cannabis and What Is It Good For?

Regardless of which tray type you choose, make sure your surface is easy to clean (stainless steel and pyrex glass are good options).

4. Cleaning Supplies

When your trimming scissors slow down due to resin buildup, it’s time to switch them out with your fresh pair. To ensure your other pair is clean and ready to go, you’ll need a rag and a cup with rubbing alcohol. The alcohol will help weaken and remove the resin, and wiping the blades with a rag will ensure they are spotless.

5. Proper Attire

Wear an apron. Better yet, wear a silk apron. The resin will not stick to silk and your laundry will thank you! Gloves are also a great way to keep your hands resin-free, and they can prove beneficial during long trim sessions. If you don’t like trimming with gloves on, rubbing coconut oil or olive oil on your hands will help keep the resin from building up on your skin.


Cannabis and Coconut Oil: Uses, Benefits, and a Recipe to Make Your Own

6. Entertainment

A long trim session can seem even longer with nothing else to help pass the time. Staying entertained is crucial to your sanity. Anything that doesn’t require visual attention is recommended, such as music, podcasts, audiobooks, and standup comedy.


Podcast: What Are You Smoking?

When trimming with a group of people, try keeping the stereo volume down and see what fun conversations might start when everyone can actually hear each other. If you instead prefer to “watch” something while trimming, stick to classic comedies. Shows like Seinfeld can be enjoyed without looking at the screen, especially if you’re already familiar with them.

Sample Trimming Steps (Dry Method)

Trimmed cannabis buds(Julia Sumpter/Leafly)

Step 1: Remove the Fan Leaves

When cannabis is initially harvested, the branches will be covered in fan leaves. Remember, these are large leaves that do not have trichomes on them, so it’s best to remove them before drying the cannabis. If you’re going to use a machine at any point in the process, this is where we recommend using it. Using a Trimpro Original will allow you to pull off a majority of the fan leaves quickly before hanging the branches to dry.

Step 2: Cut Buds From the Branch

Once you have dried the cannabis, you’re ready to begin trimming. Take the dried branches and snip the buds from the branches into the desired size without actually trimming them. The term for this method is called “bucking down.” Fill a brown paper bag with the amount you plan to trim that day. This step helps you prep for the next day’s work, allowing you to stay seated and focused.


When Is the Right Time to Harvest Cannabis Plants?

Step 3: Fill Your Tray and Trim Away

Next, place the bag of prepared buds within arm’s reach, sit down, and load up your tray with a large handful. Do not fill your tray–this will cause you to become disorganized and slow you down

Be sure the bud is the desired size. You do not want the stem to be exposed anywhere but at the bottom. Trim the stem at the bottom as closely as you can without causing the bud to break down.

Next, remove the crow’s feet. These are the little branches that will stem up from the bottom of the nugget, and they look like little bird feet or pitchforks.


What Are Popcorn Cannabis Buds?

The last step is to trim off the extra plant matter and manicure the bud. It’s best practice to angle your scissors towards the bud and to continually keep the scissors moving while making precise snips.

Remember to swap out your scissors as they become covered in resin. Also, make sure to avoid shaving off large sections of the nug at once, as this process will ruin the bud and reduce your yield.

Rotate the bud 360 degrees once or twice until you’re satisfied with the job. It’s important to set a standard and stick to it or else you will be constantly double-checking your work.


Leafly’s Visual Quality Guide to Selecting Cannabis

A common practice for trimming cannabis is to consume what you are trimming as you work, but this causes many people to become hyper-focused on the quality of their trim job and waste time. Consider separating work from play, and see if you get more accomplished.

Cannabis Bud Trimming Tips

  • Always use the tips of your scissors when trimming, and try not to trim with the sides. This will keep your tools cleaner for longer and reduce stickiness.
  • When trimming, take away everything that isn’t fully covered in trichomes. Attempt to create a uniform surface area around the buds. This includes taking down red pistils all the way to the foliage. Pistils have very little to zero trichome content and should only be kept long for aesthetic purposes.
  • Save your trim for budders, edibles, and tinctures. There is still a good amount of cannabinoid content in this excess foliage and the frugal grower can do some amazing things with excess trim.
  • Store your trimmed buds in airtight containers for curing. Glass mason jars make great companions for freshly dried and cured buds looking to go into a long cure.
  • Finger hash is a great post-trimming treat. Also known as “scissor hash, ” finger hash can be sprinkled onto a bowl of flower, rolled into a joint, or dabbed on a nail for a minty fresh, cannabinoid-rich victory sesh to celebrate a finished harvest.


What Is Hash and How Does It Relate to Cannabis?

Hopefully by following some of these tips, your next harvest will be more productive and enjoyable. Be proud of your end product and give it the love and attention it deserves!

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

5 High-Yielding Strains for Your Cannabis Garden

When cultivating cannabis, growers aim to produce a potent, fragrant bud–and ideally, lots of it. Genetics, nutrients, grow mediums, climate, and many other factors are responsible for determining the yield of your garden. The first of those factors, the plant’s genetics, dictate which attributes the plant is capable of expressing, while environmental factors are what help coax them out in the growing process.

Below are five strains with genetics that predispose them to heavy yields. Consider sowing these strains if you’re looking to achieve a bigger harvest this year.


How to Grow Bigger Cannabis Buds Outdoors and Indoors

White Widow

White Widow is a famous Amsterdam hybrid that was created by crossing landrace strains from Southern India and Brazil. Now famous worldwide, White Widow is known for its impressive resin production and powerful euphoria. Consumers may celebrate its effects, but growers celebrate White Widow’s large yields.

There’s a reason why this award-winning hybrid remains popular since its birth in the 90s. Not only is this strain a heavy yielder, White Widow is resilient toward mold and pests, and flowering wraps up in just eight to nine weeks. White Widow fares best in indoor gardens, so find some seeds and watch this plant take off.


Tips for Growing White Widow Cannabis

Cheese Quake

Cheese Quake combines the power of a quality strain with high yields. Created by TGA Subcool Seeds, this indica-dominant hybrid combines genetics from Cheese and Querkle. Its effects strike a balance between cerebral and physical, elevating the mind while saddling the body with relief. The aroma is sour and funky like cheese, with sweet fruity undertones.

Generally grown indoors, Cheese Quake will grow fast and big. Top this plant early on in vegetation to help it grow into a bushy shape. Low stress training (LST) and pruning will help keep this plant headed towards an epic yield of quality buds.


How to Train Your Cannabis Plants for Better Yields and Potency

Purple Trainwreck

Another outdoor California classic, Purple Trainwreck is famous for its high yields and ease of growing. This strain was created by the Humboldt Seed Organization by crossing the longtime favorite Trainwreck with Mendocino Purps. The resulting hybrid holds onto both Trainwreck’s wonderful aroma and effects and Mendo Purp’s weight and resilience. Purple Trainwreck offers a euphoric and uplifting high, making it a perfect strain for entry-level consumers looking for a mellow experience.

This strain will thrive either indoors or outdoors, with a favorable flowering time of just eight weeks. For this reason, Purple Trainwreck is a hit for light-deprivation greenhouses or growers looking to harvest early in the fall.


Cannabis Strain Recommendations for Beginners and Low-Tolerance Consumers

Critical Kush

Critical Kush was created by breeding two legendary strains, Critical Mass and OG Kush. Its parent strain Critical Mass is known for its sweet citrus flavor while OG Kush brings to the table earthy flavors and potency. With their forces combined, Critical Kush inherits potency, flavor, and heavy yields.

Any moisture influx will cause Critical Kush’s buds to mold from the inside out, which is why this strain needs to be grown in a space where humidity can be precisely regulated. For this reason, growing indoors or in a greenhouse is recommended. Heavy feeding is necessary to ensure the buds grow dense, healthy, and heavy.


How to Prevent Root Rot, Mildew, and Leaf Septoria on Cannabis Plants

Blue Dream

Blue Dream is regarded as the most popular strain in the United States. This hybrid is heavy-yielding, mildew-resistant, flavorful, easy to find, and calming in effects. Due to its overwhelming presence and pacifying, mellow euphoria, Blue Dream is popular among novice consumers. However, many connoisseurs and heavy consumers have moved past the Blue Dream hype.

Having been bred for outdoor farming in California, Blue Dream reaches its full potential under the sun. It responds well to a Mediterranean climate and takes off vertically. Blue Dream grows lanky and tall, but produces dense buds which help to make its yields exceptional.


Tips for Growing Blue Dream Cannabis

The quality of Blue Dream varies widely depending on how it was grown, hence why so many connoisseurs steer toward other genetics. As a popular high-yielding strain, many cultivators grow Blue Dream as a cash crop without putting enough attention towards the quality of the product. Try finding a quality Blue Dream and see if this changes your opinion.

While this is a short list of popular, high-yielding strains, there are so many others out there begging to be discovered, grown, and celebrated. As farming tactics and technology improve, yields will continue to increase. But don’t forget that behind any high-yielding crop is a capable farmer who pays attention to his or her plant’s needs.

Which heavy yielders would you add to this list? Drop a comment below for other curious growers.

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

How to Prepare for a Cannabis Tolerance Break

So you’ve been smoking for a while and you think it’s time for a little break? No worries, we’ve all been there. Maybe you feel like you haven’t been getting as high as you used to, and you miss that lifted sensation. Or perhaps you just feel like your brain’s been living in the clouds for the past few months (or years) and it’s time to switch up your daily routine. Regardless of your reasoning, tolerance breaks can prove to be beneficial to each and every one of us. But that doesn’t mean they’re easy, so it’s best to be fully prepared for the experience.

Below are five crucial steps to take before Day Damn One, Vivian. (That’s a Fresh Prince reference, by the way.)


Can a Tolerance Break Rejuvenate the Effects of Cannabis?

Acknowledge the Difficulty of the Task at Hand

We’ve all played the “I can quit whenever I want” card, but the truth is, anything you do every day will cause some sort of withdrawal when you discard it cold turkey. That extends to drinking, smoking, eating, the route you take to work, even the people you talk to. Your brain/body will crave it, and after a couple days, the no-THC life may have you feeling like “Okay…what if I just smoked like..a bowl. Not even a whole bowl, just a couple hits off the top right corner.”


Cannabis Isn’t Making You Lazy, Your Bad Habits Are

You won’t feel any physical pain, but I’ll be damned if you don’t begin to think of it any time your mind wanders. After about two weeks, the feeling subsides, but those first 14 days can be a bit tough.

Get Rid of All Your Cannabis

Whether you smoke it all or disperse it amongst your tribe of smoke buds, get rid of all of your cannabis. You might be thinking you’ll just save a little bit for when you plan on smoking again, but a tolerance break requires the full Out Of Sight, Out Of Mind approach. Keeping even just enough to hit the one-hitter a couple times will have you doomed before starting. Once that feeling of withdrawal kicks in, you’ll head right over to your hidden supply and indulge. But as soon as you come down, that feeling of guilt will set in, and ooooh baby, you do not want to feel that at the end of a high.


Cannabis Detox Symptoms and Withdrawal Remedies

Tell Your Friends That You’re Taking a Break

You have to tell your friends that you’re taking a break so they know not to tempt you with goodies. After two weeks, it’s a lot easier to not smoke when alone, but kicking it with the homies is when you’ll really be tested. It can be rough when you’re pregaming with drinks and conversation before a night out, and then someone whips out a joint and asks, “Anyone want to smoke before we leave?” and everyone except you can oblige. Telling your friends curbs the peer pressure to participate, which will prove to be a vital part of this journey.


Domestic Bliss: How to Coexist With a Partner Who’s Cannabis-Free

Find a New Hobby

Without smoking, you’ll have a lot of free time on your hands. Find something productive to do with it. My suggestion is something creative or active. Write a screenplay. Learn Photoshop. Start a running program. Do something that your future self will thank you for. Something that you can look back on once you begin smoking again and say, “Well, at least I didn’t waste that time.”


Does Cannabis Help or Hinder Creativity?

Stay Focused; Don’t Break

Pick a date and stick to it. You’ll find that the discipline it takes to not smoke will carry over to all areas of your life. There’s going to be times where you’re tempted to break, but make a promise to yourself that you won’t smoke. On the bright side, once you finally light up again, you’re going to be smaaaacked. Good luck, my friends.

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

Podcast: What Are You Smoking?

Premiere: The Old Slurpee-in-the-Bong Question

Simmer down, now: Leafly’s first podcast has finally arrived. What Are You Smoking? features cannabis experts Jeremiah Wilhelm, Bailey Rahn, Will Hyde, and Brett Konen reviewing strains, test-firing products, offering up pro tips, and answering your questions.

In this episode: We put the Pax III and Firefly 2 vaporizers head-to-head and answer the age-old query: Is it really a good idea to use blue raspberry Slurpee in your bong?


The Leafly Bong Experiment: What Happens When You Replace Bong Water With Other Liquids?

Hosted by:


Jeremiah Wilhelm is a strain researcher and subject matter expert at Leafly. A former budtender, Jeremiah is the site’s reigning beard champion and self-proclaimed Office Garden Gnome.

Bailey-2048-copy1-240x240Bailey Rahn is an editor at Leafly specializing in cannabis strains and health. When she’s not at Leafly, you’ll likely find her smoking her way up a mountain or playing dress-up with her cats.

10859f1a857586f9ef11419f1635e517Will Hyde is a subject matter expert, strain specialist, and digital producer at Leafly. He spends his free time traveling and exploring creative outlets as a DJ, digital artist, and film producer.

b3fe573b22546969ff81691006d2a0c6Brett Konen is an editor at Leafly specializing in lifestyle content. She’s fascinated by parallels between alcohol and cannabis, and is very bad at writing while high.

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

What Is ‘Larf’ Cannabis and What Is It Good For?

What Is Larf Cannabis?

“Larf,” while a fun word to say, is a term some cannabis consumers may not have heard before. It’s a slang word that refers to smaller, immature buds that didn’t quite reach their full potential. Usually these buds are wispy or fluffy little flowers found on the lower branches of cannabis plants. Generally, their immaturity is attributed to lack of light penetration due to living in the shadows of the bigger, topmost flowers (called “colas”), but other environmental factors can cause similar results.


The Stages of Cannabis Plant Growth

What Is “Delarfing”?

Many growers use practices to minimize larf and allow plants to focus their energy towards producing exceptional flower within the canopy. Delarfing is just that! By pruning, training, and removing any additional vegetation that is not receiving adequate light, you can “delarf” a plant.

Think of it like a busser at a restaurant. If you pre-bus, or remove the dishes as they become unnecessary, it makes the final cleanup of the table that much more efficient. In the case of cannabis, the final cleanup is the harvest and trimming of the plant. Preemptively removing these small buds early in the plant’s flowering cycle will make processing the plant that much more productive.


Your Guide to Pruning Cannabis Plants for Maximum Yield

What Can You Do With Larf Cannabis?

Not everyone delarfs their plants, which is why you will find items like budlets or popcorn nugs/buds (named for their round miniature stature that’s about the size of a popped kernel of popcorn) on dispensary menus. Even though these petite buds can have lower concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenes, they can be used in several ways and make for a great discount buy:

  • Produce cannabis oil used for preparing infused edibles
  • Roll larf into joints or blunts
  • Load a popcorn bud into a bowl whole as a “snap,” a bowl that is just big enough for one person to finish on their own.


How to Pack and Smoke a Bowl of Cannabis

Though less desirable than top-shelf flower, these smaller discount buds have plenty of uses. They might be worth giving a try, especially if you’re looking to stretch your dollar a little further at your next dispensary visit.

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

The Stages of Cannabis Plant Growth

Cannabis plants, like all living things, go through a series of stages as they grow and mature. If you’re interested in cultivating cannabis, it’s especially important to understand the changes a plant undergoes during its life cycle, as each stage of growth requires different care.

Different stages call for different amounts of light, nutrients, and water. They also help us decide when to prune and train the plants. Determining a plant’s sex and overall health rely on stages of growth as well.

The life cycle of cannabis can be broken down into four primary stages from seed to harvest: germination, seedling, vegetative, and flowering.


How to Grow Cannabis Indoors: A Beginner’s Guide

Germinating Seeds (1-2 weeks)

The first stage of life for a cannabis plant begins with the seed. At this point, your cannabis plant is dormant, patiently waiting for water to bring it to life. You can observe the quality of the seed by its color and texture. The seed should feel hard and completely dry, and be light to dark brown in color. An undeveloped seed is generally squishy and green or white in color and will likely not germinate.


Cannabis Seeds 101: All You Need to Know and More

To begin growing from a seed, the next step is germination (which you can learn more about here). This stage can take anywhere between 24 hours to 7 days.

Once your tap root has appeared and your seed has popped, the cannabis plant is ready to be placed in its growing medium. The tap root will drive down while the stem of the seedling will grow upwards. Initially, two rounded cotyledon leaves will grow from the stem as the plant unfolds from the protective casing of the seed. These initial leaves are responsible for taking in the sunlight needed for the plant to become healthy and stable. As the roots develop, you will begin to see the first iconic fan leaves grow, and at this point, the cannabis plant can be considered a seedling.           

Seedling Stage (2-3 weeks)

Light Cycle: 18-24 hours of sunlight


When your plant becomes a seedling, you’ll notice it developing more of the traditional cannabis leaves. As a sprout, the seed will initially produce leaves with only one ridged finger. Once new growth develops, the leaves develop more fingers (1, 3, 5, 7, etc.). A mature cannabis plant will have between 5-7 fingers per leaf, but some plants may have more.


Quiz: How Well Do You Know Cannabis Plant Anatomy?

Cannabis plants are considered seedlings until they begin to develop leaves with the full number of fingers on new fan leaves. A healthy seedling should be short with dense vegetation. The plant should not appear to be reaching for the sunlight and the leaves should be a healthy vibrant green color. Be very careful to not overwater the plant in its seedling stage; its roots are so small, it doesn’t need much water to thrive.

At this stage, the plant is vulnerable to disease and mold. Keep its environment clean and monitor excess moisture.

Vegetative Stage (2 to 8 weeks)

Light Cycle: 13-24 hours of sunlight

marijuana plant growth stages: vegetative stage (2-8 weeks), 13-24 hours of sunlight

The vegetative stage of cannabis is where the plant’s growth truly takes off. At this point, you’ve transplanted your cannabis into a larger pot, and the roots and foliage are developing rapidly. This is also the time to begin topping or training your plants.

Spacing between the nodes should represent the type of cannabis you are growing. Indica plants tend to remain shorter and denser while sativas grow lanky and less dense in foliage.

Be mindful to increase your watering as the plant develops. When it’s young, your plant will need water close to the stalk, but as it grows bigger and roots grow outwards, start watering further away from the stalk so the root tips can absorb it more efficiently.


Tips for Watering Your Cannabis Plants Effectively

Vegetative plants appreciate healthy soils filled with nutrients. Feed with higher levels of nitrogen at this stage.

Once the cannabis plant approaches its flowering stage, you will be able to determine whether it’s male or female based on the pre-flower located at the nodes. Female pre-flowers have two hair-like pistils growing on buds while males produce little sacs that contain pollen. As the plant develops further into the vegetative stage, it becomes easier to determine the sex. Unless you’re breeding cannabis, it’s imperative to separate the males so they don’t pollenate the flowering females.

Flowering Stage (6-8 weeks)

Light Cycle: 12 hours of sunlight

marijuana plant growth stages: flowering stage (6-8 weeks), 12 hours of sunlight

The flowering stage is the final stage of growth for the cannabis plant. Flowering occurs naturally when the plant receives less than 12 hours of light a day as the summer days shorten (or as the light cycle indoors is reduced). It is in this stage that resinous buds develop and your hard work will be realized.


Differences in Growing Sativa, Indica and Hybrid Cannabis

There are a number of changes to consider once your plant goes from its vegetative stage to flowering:

  • First, your plants should be pruned no more than two weeks into the flowering stage as it can upset the hormones of the plant.
  • Next, the plant should be staked and trellised so that the plant can support the buds as they develop.
  • Finally, consider feeding with blooming nutrients, and generally refrain from increasing the amount of water given to the plants.

Once the buds have reached full maturation, it’s time to harvest. If you’re not sure when a plant has fully finished, refer to our many other growing resources like this article on determining the right time to harvest.

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

Tips for Growing Green Crack Cannabis

Ever wanted to grow your favorite strain? Leafly and Botanicare are teaming up on a series of grow guides that will equip you with all the tips and tricks you need to grow different strains successfully.

Strain Overview: A member of the Skunk family, Green Crack is a popular sativa-dominant variety. Its distinctive lime green color and citrus smell make it an easily recognizable strain. A daytime favorite due to its invigorating effects, Green Crack is ideal for fighting fatigue and stress while inspiring creativity.

Grow Techniques: Green Crack will grow tall and fast before it begins to flower. Be on top of your trellising, as you want to be prepared for buds that develop quickly over a short flowering period. Green Crack does well outdoors in healthy soils with lots of space for roots to develop.

Flowering Time: 8 weeks

Yield: Moderate to high

Grow Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Prefers mild to warm climates between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

Indoor/Outdoor: Green Crack performs exceptionally well outdoors where the plant can take off and fill space. It has an extremely strong smell that hangs around even during harsh outdoor weather. This sativa is also popular indoors as its flowering cycle is so rapid, it leads to more harvests annually.

Feeding: Start feeding with lots of phosphorus early on in the flowering stage to make sure the buds get enough food before harvest.

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

“The Drug War Created Stronger Strains”: 5 Ironic Contradictions in Cannabis

There has been no shortage of ironies pointed out by cannabis supporters and reformers in discussing issues in cannabis policy and the social attitudes that accompany it. Do we even need to rehash how the federal government continues to list cannabis as having no medicinal value when well over half the country has legalized it for medicinal use? We’ll refrain from commenting ad nauseum on this, yet there are many more contradictions woven into cannabis policy, history and culture. From the difficulty of legalizing fully in states where support for legalization is the strongest, to the fact that there’s no legal way to start a new state’s medical marijuana industry from scratch, below are just five of the ironies in cannabis today.

1. States with more support for legalization can have a harder time legalizing.

The more individuals that support legalization in a certain state, the more competing legislative proposals tend to be introduced in that state. Different groups with differing interests compete for support for their unique proposal, which can end up splitting pro-legalization voters into factions, and making it impossible to accumulate the support required to pass any one legalization proposal. California, for instance, has been at the forefront of the movement toward legalizing recreational marijuana for decades, yet thanks in large part to competing proposals, it has already been beaten to the punch by four states and D.C., with the potential for many more to overtake it in 2016.

Top 10 Cannabis Strains in California

2. A crackdown on criminal behavior encourages criminality.

When the original Prohibition experiment was enacted in the United States in 1920, it created a new breed of citizen: the scofflaw. Overnight, innocent people were made criminals, and where previously, unlawful behavior had been relatively rare and socially scorned, suddenly, a huge proportion of the populace found themselves frequently and openly in violation of the law. Rather than encouraging temperance, habitual lawbreaking simply became commonplace. The same has proved true with cannabis prohibition; with 44% of Americans having tried cannabis (according to Gallup), about one in four U.S. citizens technically counts as a criminal under federal law, and this sort of lawlessness has become as rampant as the consumption of alcohol was during Prohibition.

3. The War on Drugs created stronger strains.

When The War on Drugs pushed marijuana onto the black market, it made surreptitious growth and transportation of cost-effective quantities of marijuana extremely difficult. As such, the development of highly potent plants optimal for trafficking was significantly incentivized. “Drugs are more potent today…but that’s largely because of the drug war, not despite it,” writes Johann Hari for the Los Angeles Times. “As crackdowns on a drug become more harsh, the milder forms of that drug disappear — and the most extreme strains become most widely available.” Today, cannabis is between 57 and 67 percent more potent than the pre-prohibition cannabis of the 1970s.

Why is Cannabis Now So Different from 1970s Cannabis?

4. There’s currently no legal way of sourcing cannabis to establish a legal medical marijuana industry.

What happens when a new state legalizes marijuana for medicinal purposes? Inevitably, an illegal act must transpire to spark the state’s new industry. Ignoring seeds that are within state borders prior to legalization, which already fall into the illegal category, the alternative is to source seeds from states who have already legalized cannabis. As it is federally illegal to transport cannabis, including its seeds, across state and national borders alike, any seeds must therefore be acquired illegally.

5. What has long been vilified as a gateway to harder drug use is now being studied as a gateway out of it.

As cannabis gains more mainstream acceptance and understanding than ever, the potential of cannabis as a means of weaning addicts off of harder drugs is being taken more seriously. With the epidemic of opioid abuse in particular, studies such as one published by Columbia University in July 2015 have supported this hypothesis. “From 1999 to 2008, the U.S. saw a 300 percent increase in overdose deaths from painkillers,” summarized Ali Venosa for Medical Daily. “Despite its reputation among many as a gateway drug or otherwise dangerous substance, deaths directly resulting from an overdose of marijuana are nonexistent.” Instead, evidence that cannabis can help address withdrawal symptoms increasingly suggests that it could actually help save lives that might otherwise be lost to addiction.

States with Legal Medical Cannabis Have Seen a 25% Decrease in Prescription Painkiller Overdose Deaths

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.

The Do’s & Don’ts of Cleaning Your Glass: What to Watch Out for With Pipes, Bubblers & Bongs

This article is sponsored by Mile HIGH Cleaner, dedicated to developing all-natural cleaning solutions for the cannabis industry.

The more frequently you consume cannabis, the more important it becomes to clean your pipes, bubblers and bongs. The big question: how to get your glass pieces clean? Not only can resin look and smell unpleasant, its tar compounds include carbon and carcinogens, and continuing to burn them can have an array of negative health effects.

That said, cleaning can be a chore. Furthermore, many are unsure of how best to do it. Through a pair of informal Facebook polls, we asked the Leafly community how and how often they cleaned their glass. Here are a few of the responses we received.

How do you clean your glass?

“Ummm, you are supposed to clean it?” –Andrew Frost

“I don’t, just toss it and buy a new one.” –Robert Weaver

“Dawn power clean dish soap, hot water and pipe cleaners.” –Amanda Skelton

“Nail polish remover that contains 100% acetone…And for more home convenience, run it through the dishwasher.” –Aris Butler

“91% isopropyl alcohol and sea salt…any course salt will work…even sugar works in a pinch.” –Rich Schmitz

“The only thing to use is grain alcohol, it evaporates 100%.” –Gerald Schoolnick

“Fill a plastic bag with a tablespoon of sodium and enough isopropyl alcohol to submerge your piece completely. Place your piece in the substance and make sure the inside gets filled with liquid. Let it sit for 15+ min, shake the bag and move the mixture through the pipe. Remove, boil, and scrape the remainder with a paper clip. It’s important to remove resin as it will be toxic.” –Ben Craighton

“Iso & sea salt, final rinse with a bit of lemon juice for sparkle.” –Chaz French

“Rubbing alcohol & salt, but then polishing toothpaste.” –Courtney Kruk

“Thoroughly.” –Jeff Monastyrsky

Most of the glass cleaning methods above are a lot of work, and require soaking, shaking, or hazardous chemicals. Jim Berry, founder of Lakewood, Colo.’s Mile HIGH Cleaner, set about finding an easier solution for the resin that was building up on his own bong. “I recently started smoking again and realized there hadn’t been any real innovation in cleaning in decades. I started research into this and figured out a better way of cleaning,” says Berry. His compound of all-natural plant-based oils is odorless, tasteless and inert, and is designed to encapsulate the five types of resin left behind by smoking cannabis, allowing them to be washed away easily with a hot water rinse. (Since inventing Mile HIGH Cleaner in 2015, Berry has also discovered that it works on other items, including vapes, dab rigs and cannabis trimming tools.)

Based on his experience, Berry shared the following do’s and don’ts for cleaning your glass. Keep them in mind the next time you see resin on your pipe or bong!


Do clean your bong daily, and your pipes once per week. “It really makes a difference; you can taste the smoke, not the resin,” says Berry, who also warns that water-based paraphernalia can grow mold or attract pests in a matter of days.

Do be mindful of the environment. Berry says his plant-based cleaner is safe to eat, and will not harm you or the environment.

Do protect new glass. “By adding 10 drops to the bong, resin will not stick to the glass,” says Berry of his product. “The resin actually prefers to stick to the cleaner. The next day, rinse it clean in hot water. Refill with 10 drops, add water and smoke again.”

Do discover the real flavor of your smoke through a clean pipe or bong. “That clean hit is the best,” says Berry.


Don’t use isopropyl alcohol. “Isopropyl alcohol…is by far the most commonly used cleaning substance for bong and pipe cleaning,” says Berry. “It is also listed by eight different government agencies as being toxic,” including the Environmental Protection Agency, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer.

Don’t experiment with anything you wouldn’t consume directly. Acetone-based nail polish remover, for instance, is hazardous. “You chose natural medication in cannabis, so why clean with hazardous chemicals?” says Berry.

Don’t spend too much time or money. Berry says using a cleaner like his costs less than eight cents per day, and should take less than a minute to wash away after each use.

To learn more and purchase the product, visit www.milehighcleaner.com.

Cannabis Science 101: The Complex Chemistry of the Bong

Thanks you for visiting FLMMCC.com, the premier Medical Marijuana Certification Center in Florida. Currently, there is a Medical Marijuana Initiative on the November 2016 Ballot to legalize High-THC Medical Marijuana in the State of Florida. The FLMMCC Florida State Licensed Doctors are ready to review your medical records for a “FREE Pre-Qualification”. This will be the first step in becoming a legal Florida Medical Marijuana patient when the law passes.